Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior in a relationship when one person is attempting to gain or maintain power and control over the other person. If you’ve been involved in a domestic violence dispute, or you know someone who has, you know it can be a scary situation to deal with. Thankfully, there are ways to predict this behavior, and certain patterns to look out for in your relationship or someone else’s that can help you identify domestic violence.
There are five ways that domestic violence can manifest itself in a relationship. It’s helpful to know the various ways this violence can appear, so you can notice it and address it accordingly. The five types are physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, financial abuse and psychological abuse. Physical abuse includes hitting, slapping, grabbing or any other type of physical harm. Sexual abuse is the coercion (or attempt) of any sexual contact or behavior without the other person’s consent. This behavior would include marital rape, physical attacks on any sexual parts of the body, forcing sex after physical violence or treating the other person in a sexually demeaning manner. Emotional abuse can be hard to spot, but is generally when one person undermines another’s self-worth and self-esteem with name-calling, diminishing of one’s abilities and constant criticism. Financial abuse consists of making or attempting to make the other person financially dependent by maintaining control over shared finances or withholding one’s access to money. Finally, psychological abuse includes a wide array of behind-the-scenes behaviors, but it can involve harmful threats, fearful intimidations, destruction of property or forceful isolation from friends and family.
If you or someone you know has been involved or affected by any of the behaviors listed above, then it’s paramount to take action before it’s too late. As a victim in California, you can apply for a restraining order in both civil and criminal court. Once accused in court, the alleged offender may face a large fine, incarceration or both.
Contact the Law Offices of Richard Wingerden if you’d like to know more information, and are interested in Mr. Wingerden’s seasoned professional advice and representation.